Roles of Knitting, Dyeing, and Printing in the Quality of Fabric
The appearance and the feeling of a cloth highly depends on the knitting, printing as well as dyeing. Dying tends to be the most commonly used method of imparting color on cotton linen and includes yarn dyeing and piece dyeing. Yard dying tends to be done before knitting and is mainly done with the intention of producing plaids, gingham checks, woven stripes, as well as many other special effects. In this process, the cloth in question tends to be passed through a trough with a hot dye solution especially where it is needed in only one uniform color. The piece tends to be passed through padded rollers with the intention of spreading color evenly through the piece of cloth and at the same time remove excess liquid.
Package dyeing is yet another method that is utilized when it comes to dying of fabrics. The dye tends to be forced from the outside into the packages while more dye is forced from the inside out under pressure. There also tend to be more accuracy especially where one utilizes computers. Printing colored designs can be as simple as printing on paper where one has the right machine and people doing it. It also calls for long runs of the same fabric design to be produced on a roller printer at a speed of 50 to 100 yards per minutes.
Automatic screen printing is yet another method of printing which involves ensuring colored design on the fabric. In an instance where one wants to produce larger designs, he or she would need to utilize this method of printing but would need to know that it tends to be slower. One can also utilize flatbed screen printing which uses a fine mesh of screen with each mesh handling its distinct color. One would also excempt some parts of the fabric from dye by covering with lacquer or any other dye resistant coating. With the right skill, the right method, and the right machine, it is possible to print up to 16 colors on one fabric.
It would be essential for one to know that finishing. One can choose one of the finishes thanks to many options availed. One would need to note that cotton tend to be properly finished when compared to other types of fabrics. One would also need to know that the finishing tend to influence the feel and the look of a fabric with some finishing making it possible to add a durable press, flame resistance, water repellency, shrinkage control among other effects. One would done more than one finish on a given fabric where he or she has the right skill and technique.